BMI View: With an estimated population of 29.4mn people in 2012, Malaysia is the 42 nd most populated country in the world. It is in the midst of an Economic Transformation Programme that aims to help reach the goal of having high-income status by 2020, but the benefits of this programme are uneven - different parts of the country are growing at different rates. Similar trends can be seen in healthcare, with the quality of care, and the burden of disease, affected by factors such as climate, population density, topographical barriers and the spending power of individual states. This report combines these factors, to give a picture of healthcare trends and forecasts across the country.
The key trends, by region, are as follows:
Centre - Made up of two states and two federal territories (including the capital, Kuala Lumpur), the central region of Malaysia has received considerable direct foreign investment, and is a manufacturing hub. These two factors shape the provision of healthcare and the burden of disease: an affluent expatriate population sustains demand for high quality healthcare infrastructure and the private sector, while at the other end of the scale, an influx of workers from other parts of the country puts a pressure on urban infrastructure, and creates a burden of communicable diseases that are exacerbated by densely populated settlements.
East Coast - An expansive region, formed of three states, the east coast of Malaysia is predominately rural, with tropical rainforests and mountain ranges. A dispersed population complicates the provision of healthcare with the state authorities facing considerable challenges when it comes to contracting doctors and nurses, and retaining them. With agriculture forming the majority of this region's income, the state also faces the additional concern of how to fund investment in healthcare facilities.
North - There are four states in our definition of the northern region of Malaysia, combining the agricultural...